If you’re a web manager or developer, you’re probably familiar with cPanel, the world’s most popular web host control panel. And if you’re a Linux enthusiast, you likely know about Ubuntu, the top Linux distro. In this article, we’ll guide you through the process of installing cPanel on Ubuntu.
The Basics: What is cPanel?
cPanel is a control panel used by web managers and developers to easily manage server hosts. In the past, making even the smallest changes to a website required coding expertise. But with cPanel, you can bypass the coding procedures and use a user-friendly interface to manage your server hosts. It’s worth noting that cPanel is primarily used on Linux, which is the preferred choice for many server managers and developers. Despite being a paid service, cPanel has remained the top choice among control panels for years, thanks to its reliability and feature-rich capabilities.
Your Toolbox: Main Uses of cPanel
Wondering what you can do with cPanel? Here are the primary functions and use cases of this powerful control panel:
With cPanel, managing domains becomes a breeze. You can easily activate, shut down, park, forward, and move around your domain with just a few clicks. In addition, you can create subdomains, manage your DNS, and integrate third-party tools into your domain. The user-friendly interface also allows you to manage the overall layout of your domain hassle-free.
Email marketing, spam management, and creating new mailboxes are essential tasks for any web manager. With cPanel, you can effortlessly create new mailboxes, set up predefined email responses, and automate your web presence with autoresponders. You can even enable email forwarding and advanced spam filters to protect yourself from online junk.
Managing Log Files
Navigating log files used to be a daunting task for web managers. But with cPanel’s built-in compatibility with WHM (Web Host Manager), you can analyze log files easily using tools like AWStats and Webalizer. This allows you to check accesses and permissions related to your website or server without the need for complex coding.
Data management is crucial for any web manager. cPanel seamlessly integrates with other data management tools and supports protocols like MySQL and PostgreSQL. This makes it easier to manage large batches of data and perform database tasks efficiently. The ability to handle larger file sets is one of the reasons why cPanel is popular among larger firms.
Security is a top priority for cPanel. It offers robust built-in security features that make it extremely difficult to breach. Additionally, cPanel provides advanced security options for your control panel and server, such as IP blocking, directory protection, and SSL certificate support. While cPanel had security issues in the past, recent updates have strengthened its security measures.
Linux’s Crown Jewel: Why Ubuntu?
Now, you might wonder why we specifically discuss installing cPanel on Ubuntu. Apart from Ubuntu being the world’s most popular Linux distro, there are several reasons why it’s the perfect match for cPanel:
While no operating system is completely immune to viruses, Ubuntu has significantly improved its security in recent versions. Many users feel safe using Ubuntu without the need for third-party antivirus software. The built-in firewall and security measures are often sufficient to protect your system.
Ubuntu’s popularity ensures that there’s an online solution to virtually any issue you may encounter. With a massive community and extensive official support, you’ll find comprehensive FAQ and threads that can help you overcome any technical challenges.
One of the main factors that contributed to Ubuntu’s popularity is its user-friendly design. Ubuntu was one of the first Linux distros to prioritize ease of use and accessibility for new users. Even today, Ubuntu maintains its focus on a clean and intuitive user interface.
Ubuntu is free, which makes it an attractive option. If you’re already paying for cPanel, having a free host distro like Ubuntu is a bonus. Ubuntu’s open-source approach and user-centered mindset have contributed to its sustained popularity.
Ubuntu is known for its versatility and customization options. While personalization is a common feature among Linux distros, Ubuntu’s massive community has taken it to another level. You’ll have countless opportunities to tailor your Ubuntu experience according to your needs.
Getting Technical: How to Install cPanel on Ubuntu?
Now, let’s dive into the technical details of installing cPanel on Ubuntu 20.04, the latest version at the time of writing.
Step 1: Check System Requirements
Before installing cPanel, ensure that your machine meets the following requirements:
- Processor: 2 GHz (recommended) or 1.1 GHz (minimum)
- RAM: 4 GB (recommended) or 1 GB (minimum)
- Architecture: 64-bit
- Operating System: Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
- Disk Space: 40 GB (recommended) or 20 GB (minimum)
You’ll also need a static IP address and a fully qualified domain name (FQDN).
Step 2: Disable the Firewall and Switch to Root System (Optional)
Disabling the firewall can make the installation process easier but may compromise security. If you choose to keep the firewall enabled, you’ll need to open specific ports later. To disable the firewall and switch to the root user, follow these commands:
iptables-save > ~/firewall.rules
systemctl stop ufw.service
systemctl disable ufw.service
Step 3: Update Ubuntu
While you can install cPanel on any version of Ubuntu, it’s recommended to use Ubuntu 20.04 for better compatibility. Run the following commands to update Ubuntu:
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
Step 4: Set up a Qualified Hostname
Make sure you have a fully qualified domain name (FQDN) before proceeding with the installation. Check your current hostname using the
hostname command. To set up an FQDN, run the following command (replace
yourserver.domain.com with your chosen name):
hostnamectl set-hostname new-hostname
hostnamectl set-hostname yourserver.domain.com
You don’t need to reboot for the changes to take effect. Use the
hostnamectl command to confirm the changes.
Step 5: Run the Installation Commands
With your FQDN set up, it’s time to install cPanel on Ubuntu. First, create a Shell Session to keep the session active in case of network issues. Login as the root user and run the command:
Next, run the following command to initiate the installation:
cd /home && curl -o latest -L https://securedownloads.cpanel.net/latest && sh latest
The installation process will take a few minutes. You should see a welcome screen indicating that the system is downloading and installing cPanel.
Step 6: Open the Relevant Port Numbers
To ensure smooth operation of cPanel on Ubuntu, you’ll need to open some relevant ports. We won’t go into detail on how to access the firewall and open ports in this article, but make sure to open ports 2082 and 2083 for cPanel. If you disabled the firewall in previous steps, you can skip this process.
Launch cPanel and Activate Licenses
Finally, you can launch cPanel. Use your root username and password to log in when prompted. You’re now ready to take advantage of the powerful VPS controls offered by cPanel on your Ubuntu server.
Now that you know how to install cPanel on Ubuntu, you can leverage its features to easily manage your servers. If you’re considering using a virtual private server (VPS) to have better control over your physical server, consider using Cloudzy’s Linux VPS services, which include Ubuntu VPS options. With Cloudzy, you’ll benefit from minimal latency, excellent uptime, and a range of location options.
Can you install cPanel on Ubuntu?
Yes, you can install cPanel on any version of Ubuntu. We recommend using Ubuntu 20.04 for the best experience.
What is the difference between cPanel and WHM?
Both cPanel and WHM are server host management tools developed by the same company. Having both of them allows for more efficient server management.
Is cPanel free?
No, cPanel requires a subscription. However, the benefits it offers outweigh the cost. While there are free alternatives available, cPanel has maintained its status as the top choice among control panels.
Remember, if you’re looking for reliable VPS services and want to remotely manage your servers using cPanel, Cloudzy is your go-to provider. Get started now and take control of your VPS with ease!